Lifestyle

Deficient immune cells implicated in TB disease progression

Nearly a quarter of the world’s population is estimated to be infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb), the pathogen that causes tuberculosis, but less than 15 percent of infected individuals develop the disease. A study published May 24 in Nature Immunology by investigators from Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and the Broad Institute of […]

Lifestyle

Replacement with non-allergenic joints can provide relief

Allergies to metals used in artificial joint hardware, or to the bone cement used to secure them, can cause severe pain, itching, swelling and loosening of the joint, according to research at National Jewish Health. Replacement with implants that contain only non-allergenic components can provide relief for this group of patients. “Allergies to the metals […]

Lifestyle

Phantom noises and hypersensitivity to sound: Tech to the rescue?

Imagine it’s night, you’re lying in bed, all is quiet. But you keep hearing what sounds like whistling, or buzzing, or sizzling. Or your partner is washing the dishes beside you and you find the clanking of the plates unbearable. In the first case, you probably have tinnitus; in the second, hyperacusis. Sylvie Hébert, a […]

Lifestyle

Bacteria are connected to how babies experience fear

Why do some babies react to perceived danger more than others? According to new research from Michigan State University and the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, part of the answer may be found in a surprising place: an infant’s digestive system. The human digestive system is home to a vast community of microorganisms known […]

Lifestyle

3D genome structure influences cancer

For the first time, scientists have examined how the three-dimensional (3D) structure of a patient’s genome can contribute to bladder cancer and pediatric brain tumors, according to a pair of Northwestern Medicine studies published in Science Advances and Genome Biology. Within each cell, two-meter-long DNA needs to be properly folded and organized so that it […]

Lifestyle

Why some diabetics don’t take their medication

University of Otago research into what helps and hinders people with type 2 diabetes correctly taking, and continuing to take, metformin, features in New Zealand Medical Journal. Metformin is the first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes; a previous Otago study examined national pharmaceutical dispensing data and found that metformin adherence (taking it as prescribed) and […]

Lifestyle

Training the brain to recognize voices

During the pandemic, people around the world have spent their lives in unusually quiet places—often at home, isolated or bubbled with family or friends. As restrictions ease in North America and parts of Europe, and people are allowed to socialize again and go back to work, they’ll likely find themselves in much noisier places. New […]